Pros and Cons of Diagnosing Children

Description

Discussion—Pros and Cons of Diagnosing Children

One of the great controversies in the field of psychology relates to how we define normal and abnormal behavior. There is general agreement with the official definitions of abnormal behavior; that is, abnormal behavior is severe or maladaptive enough to need diagnosis and psychological or psychiatric treatment. These official definitions are contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). There have been many revisions of this manual over the years. Currently, we are using the fifth edition, or the DSM-5 (APA, 2013).

Children and adolescents who display certain behaviors that cause them to have significant difficulty in their everyday functioning are likely to be diagnosed with one of the disorders in the DSM. Some of those diagnoses are temporary, whereas others are life-long.

Review the following case:

Anna, a four-year-old Mexican-American girl, lives with her mother and father. Anna’s parents immigrated to the United States years before her birth. Her mother speaks only Spanish with her, while her father speaks only English. Anna’s parents are migrant workers who must move regularly. Anna and her parents have moved over ten times since her birth. They hope to provide Anna with more stability, now that she is approaching school age. Therefore, they are seeking other forms of employment.

Anna recently completed kindergarten orientation. The school psychologist recommended that her parents have her evaluated further, as her speech development is significantly delayed. She speaks very little; her vocabulary was screened at the kindergarten orientation and was found to be at least two years behind typical speech development. During the kindergarten screening, Anna was hyperactive, unable to sit still, distracted, and unable to complete the tasks. She was unable to complete them partially due to their difficulty level, but also due to her inability to focus sufficiently.

After a thorough evaluation at the local mental health center, Anna was diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). She began participating in a behavioral modification program with a bilingual therapist, who speaks both English and Spanish. She will be evaluated in a few weeks by the psychiatrist, who will decide whether to prescribe stimulant medication for the ADHD.

Based on your analysis of the case, respond to the following:

  • Analyze the pros and cons of diagnosing Anna with a mental health disorder. Identify at least three benefits and at least three costs Anna and her family may experience as a result of her diagnosis. When deciding which pros and cons to identify, consider benefits and costs related to at least fourof the following categories:
    • Stigma
    • Prescription of psychiatric medication to children
    • Selection of a psychotherapy approach
    • Multicultural factors
    • Labeling or mislabeling of children
    • Early intervention

Write your initial response in 300­­–500 words. Apply APA standards to citation of sources, including in-text citations and full references. Incorporate information from at least two academic sources to support your statements or ideas. Academic sources could include your textbook, required readings for this week, or academic journal articles found in the AU online library.

By Saturday, July 5, 2014, post your response to the appropriate Discussion Area. Through Wednesday, July 9, 2014, review and comment on at least two peers’ responses. Provide a statement of clarification, a point of view with rationale, challenge a point of discussion, or draw a relationship between one or more points of the discussion of at least two other students. Consider commenting on the following:

  • Consider how you may have responded if Anna had a different cultural background.
  • Address one of the categories you did not choose from the list.
  • Explain whether you agree with the benefits and costs identified by your peers, and why.
  • Request more information from peers who may have listed less than three benefits or three costs.
  • Suggest interesting resources, Web sites, or articles you located for this assignment, and provide references for academic research articles that you have found in your research. Summarize the researched information for your peers.

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Evaluating Use of Literature and Problem Statement, psychology homework help

Description

Post a critique of the research study in which you:

  • Evaluate the authors’ use of literature using the Use of Literature Checklist as a guide 
  • Evaluate the research problem using the Problem Statement Checklist as a guide 
  • Explain what it means for a research study to be justified and grounded in the literature; then, explain what it means for a problem to be original

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Case Scenario’s Theoretical Perspectives, psychology homework help

Description

Assignment
1


Theoretical
Perspectives

Learners
taking this course come from a variety of specializations. For
example, some of you come from the lenses of School, Addictions,
Mental Health, or Career Counseling. Given this variety, apply your
readings and understandings about career theories and consultation in
your specialization to the following case scenario. You may also want
to apply the research findings from the article you found in this
unit, if applicable. Be sure to clearly identify your specialization
in your post.

Read
the scenario below and apply a theoretical framework from either
Holland or Krumboltz. In your discussion, state the theory you are
applying along with the key principles and explain how this theory
could be used to assist the client. The case scenario is brief, but
you may embellish as needed to completely address this discussion.


Scenario

Jose
is a 20-year-old male and just earned his high school diploma. Jose
completed a fifth year of high school to earn the needed credits for
his diploma. Jose has lived with his maternal grandparents since he
was five years old due to his mother’s involvement with illegal
drugs.

Jose
came to the counseling center today because he does not know where to
look for work now that he has completed high school. Jose’s friend,
Tara, told him that you could help him find a job. He worked at a
fast food restaurant for a couple of summers but he does not want to
do that type of work again. Jose is the first to finish high school
in his family and his grandmother told him it is time for him to go
to work so he can help with the family expenses. Jose describes a
very close relationship with his grandmother who gave up a lot to
care for him. She is now 70 and in poor health. She had to stop her
part-time job a few months ago due to illness.

As
you talk with Jose you learn that he failed most of his classes the
first two years of high school, but the last three years he has done
very well. Jose proudly tells you that he graduated with a 2.9 GPA.
Jose does not see himself attending college, because he needs to go
to work to help his grandmother. Jose is soft spoken with limited eye
contact, but is very polite in his responses.

References:

Osborn,
D. S., & Zunker, V. G. (2016). Using
assessment results for career development
(9th
ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Zunker,
V. G. (2016). Career
counseling: A holistic approach
(9th
ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Assignment 2


Developmental
and Person-in-Environment Theories

Using
the same case scenario provided in the first discussion in this unit,
apply a theoretical framework from Super. State key principles from
this theory and review how this theory could be used to assist the
client.

Scenario

Jose
is a 20-year-old male and just earned his high school diploma. Jose
completed a fifth year of high school to earn the needed credits for
his diploma. Jose has lived with his maternal grandparents since he
was five years old due to his mother’s involvement with illegal
drugs.

Jose
came to the counseling center today because he does not know where to
look for work now that he has completed high school. Jose’s friend,
Tara, told him that you could help him find a job. He worked at a
fast food restaurant for a couple of summers but he does not want to
do that type of work again. Jose is the first to finish high school
in his family and his grandmother told him it is time for him to go
to work so he can help with the family expenses. Jose describes a
very close relationship with his grandmother who gave up a lot to
care for him. She is now 70 and in poor health. She had to stop her
part-time job a few months ago due to illness.

As
you talk with Jose you learn that he failed most of his classes the
first two years of high school, but the last three years he has done
very well. Jose proudly tells you that he graduated with a 2.9 GPA.
Jose does not see himself attending college, because he needs to go
to work to help his grandmother. Jose is soft spoken with limited eye
contact, but is very polite in his responses.

References:

Osborn,
D. S., & Zunker, V. G. (2016). Using
assessment results for career development
(9th
ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Zunker,
V. G. (2016). Career
counseling: A holistic approach
(9th
ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Assignment 3


Career
Counseling Models

In
this unit you explored the applications of career counseling models.
For this discussion, explain how career development is an integral
part of human development. Then describe how your knowledge in this
area will influence your work with clients or students in your
specialization, using your unit readings, the Career Diamond media
piece, and at least one article to support your perspective.

References:

Osborn,
D. S., & Zunker, V. G. (2016). Using
assessment results for career development
(9th
ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

Zunker,
V. G. (2016). Career
counseling: A holistic approach
(9th
ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.

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Addressing Ethical Dilemmas, assignment help

Description

Addressing Ethical Dilemmas

In this assignment, you will discuss the ethical issues raised in a brief scenario. In addition, you will discuss what action you would take and why.

Tasks:

Consider the following situation: A forensic mental health professional (who specialized in criminal cases) retired from practice about 10 years ago. She was asked by her husband’s boss to conduct a custody evaluation. The boss is seeking full-time custody of her two young children and alleges that her ex-husband has severe mental health issues.

What are the potential ethical issues raised in this scenario? Be sure to support your response with the appropriate ethical guidelines from the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct and Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology. What action would you take and why? Be sure to describe your process of ethical decision making.

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wk 8 Q1, Q2

Description

Q1 –

What types of resources would you use in helping a child or adolescent deal with the questions and the pain associated with the loss of a loved one? Research and post a minimum of three websites or other resources that might be beneficial in helping a child or adolescent deal with death, dying, loss, and/or questions regarding immortality. Include an annotation as to what the resource contains and why you think it might be helpful.

Q2 –

Describe Stroebe’s Dual Process Model of Coping with loss. Why do you think this “balance” is important in helping one recover from grief?

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Discussion question

Description

Elizabeth Loftus, who is the speaker in this video, is one of the leading experts in false memories and eye-witness accounts. Her work in the criminal justice system has resulted in the release of people who were incarcerated because of incorrect eye-witness testimony.

After watching this video, what is your conclusion as to the prevalency of false memories and incorrect eye-witness accounts. Can you think of any memories that you may have that might be incorrect? Have you ever placed a false memory in another person.

Find and discuss at least one other article regarding false eyewitness accounts.

Your initial response is due on Thursday. Your response should be in the 300-350 range. References and citations are expected to be used in the process of answering these questions.

https://youtu.be/PB2OegI6wvI

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case study noplagiarism

Description

Case Analysis – Collaborating with Outside Providers

Prior to beginning work on this assignment, read the PSY650 Week Three Treatment Plan and Case 9: Bulimia Nervosa in Gorenstein and Comer (2014). Please also read the Waller, Gray, Hinrichsen, Mounford, Lawson, and Patient (2014) “Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Bulimia Nervosa and Atypical Bulimic Nervosa: Effectiveness in Clinical Settings,”Halmi (2013) “Perplexities of Treatment Resistance in Eating Disorders,” and DeJesse and Zelman (2013) “Promoting Optimal Collaboration Between Mental Health Providers and Nutritionists in the Treatment of Eating Disorders” articles.

Assess the evidence-based practices implemented in this case study. In your paper, please include the following.

  • Explain the connection between each theoretical orientation used by Dr. Heston and the treatment intervention plans utilized in the case.
  • Describe the cognitive-behavioral model of the maintenance of bulimia nervosa.
  • Explain why Rita was reluctant to participate in Dr. Heston’s request for her to keep a record of her eating behaviors. Use information from the Halmi (2013) article “Perplexities of Treatment Resistance in Eating Disorders” to help support your statements.
  • Recommend outside providers (psychiatrists, medical doctors, nutritionists, social workers, holistic practitioners, etc.) to the assist Rita in achieving her treatment goals. Use information from the DeJesse and Zelman (2013) “Promoting Optimal Collaboration between Mental Health Providers and Nutritionists in the Treatment of Eating Disorders” article to help support your recommendations.
  • Describe some of the challenges and ethical issues that Dr. Heston may encounter when working collaboratively with the professionals that you recommended. Apply ethical principles and standards of psychology relevant to your description of Dr. Heston’s potential collaboration with outside providers.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment interventions implemented by Dr. Heston, supporting your statements with information from the case and two to three peer-reviewed articles from the Ashford University Library.
  • Recommend three additional treatment interventions that would be appropriate in this case. The recommended articles for this week may be useful in generating your response to this criterion. Justify your selections with information from the case.

The Case Analysis – Collaborating with Outside Providers

  • Must be 4 to 5 double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least two peer-reviewed sources from in the Ashford University Library.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

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PSY 100 WEEK 7, DISCUSSION 1

Description

“Aging” Please respond to the following:

  • From the self-assessment and e-Activity, discuss the overall manner in which your results from the self-assessment relate to the Nun Study. Next, choose two (2) strategies discussed in the video that you could implement in the next three (3) months to improve your wellness and longevity. Justify your response.

Week 7 eActivity

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?Case Study and Developing a Treatment Plan, psychology homework help

Description

Case Study and Developing a Treatment Plan.

Must be original work with no plagiarism!!!! Please make sure and follow the grading rubric and answer each question to its entirety. My e-textbook with reference is attached. This paper must have in-text citations and sources that I can look up online for free. Paper includes reference to the textbook and four other sources utilized.

Your Assignment will be a 7-10 page paper providing you an opportunity to integrate several of the concepts covered in this class. As you read the text and respond to the assignment questions, keep these concepts in mind. Again, used the grading rubric below as a guide.

Read the case study (BELOW). Begin your paper with a brief overview of at least three of the concepts covered in the course (use textbook attached). Include these concepts as you address the following:

  • Evaluate how specific models of health psychology apply to the client in this scenario. Explain in your own words the systemic process that contributes to your client’s healthy or unhealthy habits. Evaluate the mind-body connection between your client and her health.
  • Make a list of at least five of your client’s needs, prioritizing them, and develop a plan for meeting these needs. Include two specific actions through which you could become an agent of change to meet the culturally based aspects identified in the above section.
  • Using the client’s needs and plan identified above, create a treatment plan for your client. A treatment plan typically includes a diagnosis of the problem based on the client’s history, treatment goals (these should be SMART goals), and steps the client will take in order to achieve the treatment goals. Make sure your plan is specific, measurable, and achievable and that it contains timeframes for the goals to be achieved.
  • Explain your rationale for the treatment recommendations in the treatment plan, ensuring that your explanation is thorough enough to demonstrate sound reason.

Case Scenario: Case Study Juanita is a middle-aged Hispanic female. She goes to her doctor because she is having severe, frequent headaches, heart racing, chest pain and dizziness/balance problems. Juanita has a long history of other health issues that her doctor has not been able to explain from a physical point of view. She has also had frequent accidents, falls, etc. Juanita’s doctor has decided that it is time for her to have a complete physical. Her doctor asks her if there is anything else he should know. Juanita tells her doctor that all is fine. Juanita’s doctor is aware that about 8 years ago, Juanita attended and successfully completed an inpatient rehab for alcohol use. Sensing that Juanita might be resistant to opening up with him, her doctor asks her how her recovery is progressing. The doctor wonders if Juanita is eating okay and exercising, since she has lost a lot of weight. Juanita finally tells her doctor that her job is on the line, her youngest child is about to leave home, and she feels depressed. Juanita admits that, as a result of her personal problems, about six weeks ago, she relapsed with alcohol and has been drinking regularly since then. The doctor suspects possible anxiety related problems or panic attacks but is puzzled by the balance problems. He examines her inner ear and finds that her eardrum has been ruptured. However, when inquiring about ear infections, Juanita reports nothing of that nature recently. He tells Juanita that the next logical explanation is head trauma and that based on the numerous unexplained injuries he expects physical abuse. Reluctantly she admits that there is physical violence in her marriage. The doctor states that he knows that there is a major problem with the relapse, and she needs help; she also needs treatment for the domestic violence. The doctor makes an appointment at the local Drug and Alcohol Treatment Center, which specializes in trauma informed care. Juanita agrees to keep the appointment; however, the doctor is concerned that Juanita may not go.

Grading Criteria Rubric

Content

Introduction- Give a brief overview of what this paper is going to be about. Thesis statement should be included.

Begin your paper with a brief overview of at least three of the concepts covered in the course. Include these concepts as you address the questions in the next section.

Read through the case scenario that has been provided. Using this case scenario you will:

Evaluate how specific models of healthy psychology apply to the client in this scenario. Explain in your own words the systemic process that contributes to your client’s healthy or unhealthy habits. Evaluate the mind-body connection between your client and her health.

Identify cultural aspects that exist that may contribute to your client’s healthy or unhealthy habits.

Make a list of at least five of your client’s needs, prioritizing them, and develop a plan for meeting these needs. Include two specific actions by which you could become an agent of change to meet the culturally based aspects identified in the above section.

Using the client needs and plan identified above, create a treatment plan for your client. A treatment plan typically includes a diagnosis of the problem based on the client’s history, treatment goals, and steps the client will take in order to achieve the treatment goals (these should be SMART goals). Make sure your plan is specific, measurable, and achievable and that it contains timeframes for the goals to be achieved.

Explain your rationale for the treatment recommendations in the treatment plan, ensuring that your explanation is thorough enough to demonstrate sound reason.

Discuss how you will use the concepts in this paper in your personal and professional life.

Conclusion

Writing

STRUCTURE
Paper includes a title page, introduction with thesis statement, conclusion, and in-text citations and reference page using APA style.

Paper is appropriate in length (body of the paper should be 7–10 pages in length, not including the title page or reference page).

Paper includes reference to the textbook and four other sources utilized.

MECHANICS
Paper uses Standard American English including correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation, and complete sentences and paragraphs.

Paper is free of typographical errors.

Paper includes a highly developed viewpoint and purpose.

Paper demonstrates superior organization; communication is highly ordered, logical and unified.

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CNL 500 Week 7 Counseling Theories Discussion Questions

Description

Topic 7 DQ 1 (Obj. 7.2) CNL-500 DQ 1 DISCUSSIONS

Would you consider choosing feminist, solution-focused, or narrative therapies when counseling individual clients, marriage clients, and family clients? What empirical evidence is available to support the use of these theories?

This discussion question is informed by the following CACREP Standards: 2.F.5.a. Theories and models of counseling.

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