****A critical analysis of articles from current public administration literature will be required during the term. In preparing each essay, students should (1) summarize in detail the key points of the article, (2) apply the article to their experience in the workplace or personal life, and (3) provide a synthesis of the knowledge gained in understanding the theory and practice of public sector HR management. A synthesis might include, for example, how your workplace might be improved or your own behavior might be changed to make you a more effective member of your organization. Significant latitude is given students to express their own thoughts. This assignment should be 2—5 pages
As you develop theoretical knowledge and understanding, you should apply what you are learning in this assignment, as well as, future assignments. In this reflective exercise, you will examine the situation and context for the decisions and actions taken on a project. Extrapolating from what you are learning, you will use theories of group decision-making as a lens through which you view people, actions, and processes. Ultimately, this discussion should help you assess more accurately what happened and how the outcomes could have been improved.
Reflect on a project in which you have worked as part of a group in which conflict existed, and complete the following. Please note that your group experience is not limited to your work environment as you may also reflect on group decisions made at school or in external groups:
o Discuss the group leader’s decision-making process in relation to what you have learned about the managerial decision-making process.
o Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using group decision-making with this group.
o Identify and explain barriers to decision-making encountered within your group.
o Discuss how conflict was resolved and how it impacted the quality of the decisions and group creativity.
o Recommend improvements to assist the group in effective decision-making.
How should you approach this situation? Which of the two leaders should you talk to, and why?
The leader I would talk to is the CEO. He is clearly the one who has the most influence. He evidently has great influence over the COO being that the COO basically wants me to mind my business. I would approach the CEO by stressing that employees are not happy with the lack of communication and that upper management is responsible for ensuring employees through communication about the state of the organization. It is an ethical responsibility for an organization to be sociably responsible both within the organization as well as within the community. By doing so, employees tend to be more prideful of their positions, they have higher morale, the identity of the organization is enhanced, and as always employees tend to perform better (Valentine & Godkin, 2016). I would explain all of this to CEO to get my point across as to why he should be more sociable and more open with the goals and the strategic direction of the organization.
What points, ideas, or other information might you use to approach one or both of the leaders you have to work with in dealing with this situation?
The main point I would stress is that HR should be viewed as the focal point of the organization and that for employees to build solid relationships with not only HR but the organization as a whole we will need to socialize with them. As an HR professional we must strive to operate ethically because of the many confidential areas involved such as with compensation, employee personal issues, and legal rules and regulations that are stressed by the government. I would encourage both the CEO and the COO to be more ethically responsible when it comes to operating the company because employees need to know what is going on and that their jobs are secure. We are the leaders and we must set standards and lead by example in order to be respected by our employees, our customers, and our community (SHRM, 2019). I don’t see how any company can be ran silently. As the HR professional in this case it is my ethical duty to ensure that decisions are being made in the best interest of the entire organization and we must engage in activities that enhance our credibility and add value to our brand (SHRM, 2019).
What might be some of the pitfalls and what are some of the risks in failing to follow guidelines in the employee manual?
Some of the pitfalls with not following guidelines in the employee manual could be violation of employment laws, employees feeling as if they are being treated unfairly, employees feeling as if they can do whatever they want to do, not having respect for others, and unorganized work environments. The risks of this can be potential lawsuits for not being in compliance, lower production levels, low profits, and little to no growth in the industry.
The purpose of this assignment is to identify the traits frequently associated with leadership effectiveness and explore the advantages and disadvantages associated with trait approaches to leadership.
For this assignment:
a. Provide an overview of the leaders’s role that includes the following:
1. Name and title of the leader
2. His or Her specific role/position
3. The name and industry of the organization
b. Describe qualities that are important to the leader’s success.
c. Provide examples of how some leaders may not share all the same traits are successful in very different fields, as well how equally successful leaders may not share all the same traits.
d. Analyze how differences in the various situations faced by different leaders may impact leadership effectiveness.
Your paper should be three to four pages in length (excluding the title and reference pages ). Your paper must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center, and it must include citations and references for the text and at least two scholarly from the Ashford University Library.
In Unit 2, you have learned about three different types of distributions: Normal, binomial, and Poisson. You can take data that you collect and plot it out onto graphs to see a visual representation of the data. By simply looking at data on a graph, you can tell a lot about how related your observed data are and if they fit into a normal distribution.
For this submission, you will be given a series of scenarios and small collections of data. You should plot the data or calculate probabilities using excel. Then, you will create your own real or hypothetical scenario to graph and explain.
Answer the following: The mean temperature for the month of July in Boston, Massachusetts is 73 degrees Fahrenheit. Plot the following data, which represent the observed mean temperature in Boston over the last 20 years:
1998 72 1999 69 2000 78 2001 70 2002 67 2003 74 2004 73 2005 65 2006 77 2007 71 2008 75 2009 68 2010 72 2011 77 2012 65 2013 79 2014 77 2015 78 2016 72 2017 74
Is this a normal distribution? Explain your reasoning. What is an outlier? Are there any outliers in this distribution? Explain your reasoning fully. Using the above data, what is the probability that the mean will be over 76 in any given July? Using the above data, what is the probability that the mean will be over 80 in any given July?
A heatwave is defined as 3 or more days in a row with a high temperature over 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Given the following high temperatures recorded over a period of 20 days, what is the probability that there will be a heatwave in the next 10 days?
Day 1 93 Day 2 88 Day 3 91 Day 4 86 Day 5 92 Day 6 91 Day 7 90 Day 8 88 Day 9 85 Day 10 91 Day 11 84 Day 12 86 Day 13 85 Day 14 90 Day 15 92 Day 16 89 Day 17 88 Day 18 90 Day 19 88 Day 20 90
Customer surveys reveal that 40% of customers purchase products online versus in the physical store location. Suppose that this business makes 12 sales in a given day Does this situation fit the parameters for a binomial distribution? Explain why or why not?
Find the probability of the 12 sales on a given day exactly 4 are made online
Find the probability of the 12 sales fewer than 6 are made online
Find the probability of the 12 sales more than 8 are made online
Your own example:
Choose a company that you have recently seen in the news because it is having some sort of problem or scandal, and complete the following: Discuss the situation, and describe how the company could use distributions and probability statistics to learn more about how the scandal could affect its business. If you were a business analyst for the company, what research would you want to do, and what kind of data would you want to collect to create a distribution? Would this be a standard, binomial, or Poisson distribution? Why? List and discuss at least 3 questions that you would want to create probabilities for (e.g.,What is the chance that the company loses 10% of its customers in the next year?). What would you hope to learn from calculating these probabilities? Assuming that upper management does not see the value in expending the time and money necessary to collect data to analyze, make an argument (at least 100 words) convincing them that the expenditure is necessary and explaining some dangers the company could face by not knowing what the data predict.
Imagine that you are the new Director of Human Resources and have been asked to review the current Annual Human Resources Operating Plan. Traditionally, in this company, the Human Resource Department/Division has had no input in developing the organizational strategic plan or Human Resources Department/Division operating plans. In the past, the Human Resources Department/Division has been seen as a cost center and not a strategic partner, in part because it either did not make an effort to understand the strategic perspectives of the C-suite or it was not allowed to do so.
Upon review, you discover elements of the Annual Human Resource Operating Plan that, while highly likely (95% likely) to make the firm a more effective competitor and generally consistent with industry trends, seems to contain a low but non-zero probability of being unethical (15% likely) and even potentially illegal (10% likely). You take these concerns to the CEO, but your concerns are politely and respectfully dismissed as an overreaction. Although you have worries about the Human Resources Department/Division again being labeled as “out of touch,” just a few days later, you again present your concerns to the CEO over breakfast. The reaction is similarly polite, but otherwise nonresponsive. The CEO advises taking a “wait and see” approach.
For this Discussion, review this week’s Learning Resources. Consider the scenario in which you are the new Human Resources Director. How must you respond to the CEO who suggested the “wait and see” approach? Identify what data or information you should gather before discussing this with the CEO, and what next steps might you take?
Post by Day 3 a response based on the scenario above. Explain what you believe the Human Resources Director should do and why.
Respond by Day 5 to two or more of your colleagues’ postings by reacting to their recommendations.
Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you learned and/or any insights you gained as a result of your colleagues’ comments.
Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and any additional sources.
Before starting this class, many of you probably thought that Excel was simply a spreadsheet program used by accountants. In reality, Excel has functions that we can use in our daily lives. For this assignment, draft a two-page essay in which you describe how Excel can be used in each of the following areas of daily life: home (e.g., saving money, budgeting, tracking expenses, keeping up with maintenance or projects); work (e.g., creating graphs or charts for presentations); and school (e.g., tracking classes, time management).
While the examples given may be used in your description, be specific about how you personally can benefit from using Excel in these areas. Also, you are encouraged to think about and describe other ways that Excel can be used in these areas. Since this essay is reflective in nature, outside sources are not required. Use 12-point Times New Roman font, double spacing, and paragraph format for your essay.
1. According to “Harassment Goes Viral—What Can HR Do to Prevent It?”, new electronic-communication mediums, such as e-mail, Facebook, and Twitter, have resulted in a:
a. reduction of workplace harassment due to increased communication
between employers and staff.
b. flurry of new employer policies specifically addressing social
networking issues in the workplace.
c. significant increase in workplace harassment, along with a change
in the nature and scope of harassment.
d. broad range of techniques adopted by employers to monitor
employee online activity.
2. As noted in “Harassment Goes Viral—What Can HR Do to Prevent It?”, employees who surf the Internet at work should be aware that:
a. employees have a right to visit any website they choose while on
b. Internet surfing leaves a digital trail that can be accessed by
c. employee Internet surfing is legally considered a private
d. harassment lawsuits cannot be brought against employees simply
because of the websites they visit.
3. As claimed in “Harassment Goes Viral—What Can HR Do to Prevent It?”, employee e-mails at work are not subject to the discovery process in court as long as those communications were not about work-related issues.
4. As presented in “The Expanding Role of Temporary Help Services from 1990 to 2008,” a key feature of temporary employment is that temporary (temp) workers are:
a. considered stopgap labor for employers.
b. always considered part-time workers.
c. under contract with employment-services firms rather than
d. generally unskilled.
5. According to “The Expanding Role of Temporary Help Services from 1990 to 2008,” in recent decades, temp help services have come to play an important role in the U.S. economy as a:
a. bridge to permanent employment for those out of work.
b. way for employers to avoid paying salaries and benefits.
c. means for employers to receive free labor.
d. way for companies to circumvent the country’s economic problems.
6. As claimed in “The Expanding Role of Temporary Help Services from 1990 to 2008,” the use of temp employees can help employers shield their permanent staff from economic fluctuations that might affect the business.
7. As presented in “The Expanding Role of Temporary Help Services from 1990 to 2008,” a key feature of temporary employment is that temporary (temp) workers are:
a. considered stopgap labor for employers.
b. always considered part-time workers.
c. under contract with employment-services firms rather than
d. generally unskilled.
8. According to “Fighting the Good Fight,” what makes Ponzi schemes so lethally effective is:
a. it is impossible to trace the money.
b. intermediates do not see what is happening.
c. the returns on paper are so good.
d. the difficulty of prosecuting across national boundaries.
9. As noted in “Fighting the Good Fight,” Harry Markopolos got the material he needed to understand Madoff’s scheme from:
a. years of international investigation.
b. the Madoff marketing brochure.
c. secret internal Madoff documents.
d. a whistleblower in the Madoff organization.
10. As stated in “Fighting the Good Fight,” the only way to get the big cases against Wall Street players is to:
a. guarantee immunity to low-level participants.
b. protect cooperating internal auditors.
c. step up criminal penalties.
d. reward whistleblowers.
Masters level research paper
Each student will prepare a research paper on a topic related to the role of public administration in society of his or her choice. The research paper should be at least 10 pages, double spaced (the total does not include Cover Page or Reference Page(s)) in length and include at least six current scholarly references.
Topic previously chosen
“For my paper topic I choose to write about SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION. The term Substance abuse can be used to refer to the drug abuse amongst different people in the society. However, Substance abuse is the use of drugs in ways which are harmful to the bodies of the users. As far as the public administration is concerned, the Substance abuse might contribute to a bad leadership in an organization hence leading to its failure. When the substances are wrongly taken by the administrators in a given organization, they end up leading the organization in a wrong direction hence that has negative effects to the operations of the business. (Selseng, 2018)
The Substance abuse might bring about body disorders especially when not effectively controlled. The public administration should not engage in the Substance abuse as that might end up bringing about poor leadership in different organization. (Burtner, 2018) This will occur due to the fact that the administrators will not be able to address the issues affecting the other employees in the best way possible, however, the administrators should avoid the Substance abuse due to the negative impacts the drugs bring to the consumers’ bodies. Moreover, policies should be put in place to control the behaviors of the administrators in different organization. That will play important roles in reducing their ability to engage in activities which have negative effects to their bodies. (Marynak, 2018)
Burtner, J., Behling, M., Cassidy, T., & Butler, S. F. (2018). Prevalence of nonmedical use and routes of administration for prescription stimulant medications among adults in a substance abuse treatment population. Journal of addictive diseases, 1-12.
Selseng, L. B., & Ulvik, O. S. (2018). Talking about change–Positioning and interpretative repertoires in stories about substance abuse and change. Qualitative Social Work, 17(2), 216-235.
Marynak, K., VanFrank, B., Tetlow, S., Mahoney, M., Phillips, E., Jamal, A., … & Babb, S. (2018). Tobacco Cessation Interventions and Smoke-Free Policies in Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities—United States, 2016. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 67(18), 519.”
Due Feb 23, 2019
the Online Consumer Purchasing Model, Figure 6.11 in Chapter 6, to assess the effectiveness of an e-mail campaign at a small website devoted to the sales of apparel to the young adult market (ages 18–26) in the United States. Assume a marketing campaign of 100,000 e-mails (at $0.25 per e-mail address). The expected click-through rate is 5%, the customer conversion rate is 10%, and the loyal customer retention rate is 25%. The average sale is $60, and the profit margin is 50% (the cost of the goods is $30).
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