A. Synthesis of Literature related to Problem (Complete/Incomplete) For this section, you will review a minimum of five scholarly articles related to one of the gaps or area for growth you i

A. Synthesis of Literature related to Problem (Complete/Incomplete)

For this section, you will review a minimum of five scholarly articles related to one of the gaps or area for growth you identified in Part 1.  Your review of the literature should include recent studies investigating potential interventions in similar or related settings as well as seminal studies.  The final product for this section will be a narrative that synthesizes your findings after reviewing the literature.  The narrative should at the minimum include the following components: (a) a discussion of research methods, (b) a discussion of any pertinent models, frameworks, or theories, e.g., systems theory and change theory and their relevance to your study, and (c) a summary of the findings and outcomes from the studies you reviewed.

Poor Performance Out of Poverty is the Gap(Problem) I want to address.

Effective Instructional Leadership in High Poverty, Majority Minority, Elementary Schools


Shawneequa Beal

A Strategic Research Project Submitted to the

Abraham S. Fischler College of Education

and School of Criminal Justice in Partial

Fulfillment of the Requirements for the

Degree of Doctor of Education

Nova Southeastern University



Approval Page

This strategic research project was submitted by Xxxxx Xxxxxx under the direction of the persons listed below. It was submitted to the Abraham S. Fischler College of Education and School of Criminal Justice and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Education at Nova Southeastern University.

Xxxx Xxxxxxxx, EdD or PhD

ESRP 9000 Faculty Member

Xxxx Xxxxxxxx, EdD or PhD

ESRP 9001 Faculty Member

Kimberly Durham, PsyD


Statement of Original Work

I declare the following:

I have read the Code of Student Conduct and Academic Responsibility as described in the Student Handbook of Nova Southeastern University. This Strategic Research Project represents my original work, except where I have acknowledged the ideas, words, or material of other authors.

Where another author’s ideas have been presented in this Strategic Research Project, I have acknowledged the author’s ideas by citing them in the required style.

Where another author’s words have been presented in this Strategic Research Project, I have acknowledged the author’s words by using appropriate quotation devices and citations in the required style.

I have obtained permission from the author or publisher—in accordance with the required guidelines—to include any copyrighted material (e.g., tables, figures, survey instruments, large portions of text) in this Strategic Research Project manuscript.







Executive Summary

Insert Title of Strategic Research Project. Insert Your Name, 2023: Strategic Research Project, Nova Southeastern University, Abraham S. Fischler College of Education and School of Criminal Justice. Keywords: xxxxx, xxx xxxxx, xxxx, xxxxxxx

Single-space within each paragraph, but double-space between paragraphs. Do not indent the first lines of paragraphs. The narrative portion (i.e., after the informational first paragraph) of the Executive Summary should be 220-270 words. The Executive Summary must not exceed one page in length.

[Insert Description of the Strategic Research Project – Example Follows]: This strategic research project was designed to provide . . . .

[Keep in mind that the Executive Summary is a brief summary or condensed version of your organizational research project, so that the audience has a better understanding regarding the structure, services, key factors, and other major points to include results, conclusions, and recommendations].

Table of Contents


Part 1: Critical Analysis 1

Researcher’s Role #

Description of the Setting #

Organizational Background and History #

The Mission Statement #

The Vision Statement #

The Value Statement #

Organizational Reputation and Sustainability #

Relevant Terms #

Identify Potential Gaps or Areas for Growth #

Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats (SWOT) #

Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE) #

External Factor Evaluation (EFE) #

Part 2: Define the Problem #

Synthesis of Literature Related to the Problem #

Research Methods #

Pertinent Models, Frameworks, or Theories #

Summary of Findings #

Statement of the Problem #

Scope and Significance of the Problem #

Rationale for Investigating the Problem #

Well-Defined Problem Statement #

Part 3: Research Possible Solutions #

Possible Solutions #

Possible Solution One: Solution Title #

Possible Solution Two: Solution Title #

Possible Solution Three: Solution Title #

Possible Solution Four: Solution Title #

Part 4: Select a Solution #

Solution One: Solution Title #

Solution Two: Solution Title #

Solution Three: Solution Title #

Solution Four: Solution Title #

Discussion of Barriers #

Solution One: Solution Title #

Solution Two: Solution Title #

Solution Three: Solution Title #

Solution Four: Solution Title #

Part 5: Strategies to Accomplish the Selected Solution #

Strategy One: Strategy Title #

Synthesis of Literature Related to Strategy One #

Strategy Two: Strategy Title #

Synthesis of Literature Related to Strategy Two #

Part 6: Evaluation of the Strategies #

Quantitative Strategic Plan Matrix #

Evaluation of Internal Factor Evaluation #

Discussion of Internal Factors That Influence the Plan #

Evaluation of External Factor Evaluation #

Discussion of External Factors That Influence the Plan #

First Alternative Attractiveness Score and Benefit for the Organization #

Second Alternative Attractiveness Score and Benefit for the Organization #

Summary of Most Important Strategy #

Part 7: Development of an Action Plan #

Action Steps #

Timeline #

Roles and Responsibilities #

Resources #

Organizational Support #

Barriers or Resistance #

Evaluation #

Reflection on the Overall Experience #

Part 8: Audio-Visual Presentation of SRP #

Narrative of Electronic Presentation #

Peer Review Questions #

Oral Defense of the SRP #

Narrative Defense of Selected Questions #

Part 9: Conclusion #

Recommendations #

Final Conclusions #

References #


A Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case—Begin a Second Line Directly

Below the First Line #

B Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

C Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

D Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

E Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #


1 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

2 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

3 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

4 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

5 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

6 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

7 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

8 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

9 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

10 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

11 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #


1 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

2 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

3 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

4 Title in Initial Caps and Lower Case #

Part 1: Critical Analysis

Researcher’s Role Comment by Gina Peyton: Missing name on this document. Also, you are to submit your work in the SRP template with EVERY submission. Please place this in the template which will also include your name. Thank you, Dr. Peyton

A person who conducts in-depth study on a subject to gain greater knowledge about that subject is called a researcher. A good researcher needs to be many things to many people. Research is very important in education. Education research can play a vital role in policy making and learning programs. There is no one set of duties that a researcher is expected to fulfill across all academic disciplines or professional domains. Researchers in the medical field may utilize clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy of a novel treatment, whereas social scientists may use questionnaires and in-person interviews to gain a better understanding of how people behave (Aspers & Corte, 2019). Comment by Gina Peyton: (Aspers & Corte, 2019)

Through the processes of data gathering, analysis, and interpretation, the role of a researcher is to contribute to the existing body of knowledge in their respective discipline. Researchers acquire data through a variety of methods, some of which include controlled experiments, surveys, interviews, and direct observation (Bakker, 2018). Direct observation is another method. They first do statistical analysis on the data to derive conclusions, and then they interpret the findings of that study. They present their findings at conferences and publish them in academic journals and papers to share their findings with others and advance the field.

I am the former principal of George H. Oliver Elementary School. I was a teacher for 14 years before I moved into administration. I was a high school principal for four years before I became and elementary principal. I served as principal of George H. Oliver for four years before I decided to return to being a high school principal. It was my role and responsibility to serve as the instructional leader of the school. As principal, it was also my responsibility to conduct informal and formal observations of teachers using the Mississippi Professional Growth Rubric. School administrators are required to be trained by the Mississippi Department of Education to give teachers ratings during observation (Mississippi Department of Education, 2022). I also worked with teachers to set learning goals based on the state approved curriculum. Comment by Gina Peyton: How long have your been a teacher? The principal? Please clarify here.

As the leader of the school, I had to build partnerships with community stakeholders so that the whole child could be educated. I was also responsible for developing and implementing a school improvement plan. In my capacity, I served as support for new teachers and served on the district’s disciplinary committee. It was also my responsibility to manage GHO district and federal budget. I had to ensure that federal money was spent according to the needs of the school. Finally, as principal, it was my responsibility to improve the culture of the school by boosting teacher morale, decreasing the amount of discipline problems, and increasing attendance.

Description of the Setting

George H. Oliver Elementary School (GHO) is in Clarksdale, Mississippi, which is in the heart of the Mississippi Delta region. GHO is in the Brickyard neighborhood, an area of the city plagued by violence and crime. GHO inherits all the social ills associated with these tumultuous community environments. GHO is one of the Clarksdale Municipal School District’s four elementary magnet schools serving students in grades Pre-K-4. Currently, GHO serves approximately 350 students, which represents an enrollment increase due to the closure of one of the district’s elementary schools in 2016. Students from the closed elementary school were divided among the four remaining schools. Almost all of students at GHO come from low-income families. 100% of the students at GHO receive free meals through the district’s participation in the Community Eligibility Provision Program. Approximately 99% of the students at George H. Oliver are African American (George H. Oliver School Wide Plan, 2021) Comment by Gina Peyton: delete Comment by Gina Peyton: four

GHO is a themed, magnet school targeting the Visual and Performing Arts to enhance the curriculum. In addition to the core subjects, students can participate in music classes including keyboarding and choral music. The staff is comprised of approximately 30 employees, consisting of one Administrator; one Secretary; one Part-time Counselor who comes two times a week; 15 full-time certified staff members, consisting of one pre-K teacher, one part-time music teacher, one part-time PE teacher, one part-time librarian; and nine non-certified staff members. Staff turnover at GHO has been a tremendous challenge. Over the last 4 years, there has been three different school principals, and approximately 40% of the current teachers have less than 4 years of teaching experience. About 15% of the teachers hold an emergency or provisional license. Comment by Gina Peyton: This paragraph moved to full justification. Please move back to “left justification”. Comment by Gina Peyton: Fix numbers. Comment by Gina Peyton: Yes, this is correct.

The district leadership includes a superintendent, assistant superintendent, chief executive officer, and business manager. The district also has several departments in the organizational structure which include the special education, transportation, maintenance, human resource, and food service departments. The various departments ensure that schools are provided with the supports they need. An important part of the district is the federal programs departments. Funds are received from the federal government to ensure equity for all the students in the Clarksdale Municipal School district. Federal funding makes up a majority of the district budget (Clarksdale Municipal School District, 2023).

Organizational Background and History

George H. Oliver was established in 1962 in Clarksdale, Mississippi. George H. Oliver is one of four elementary schools in Clarksdale, Mississippi. Clarkdale Municipal School Board wanted to establish an elementary school in an area where it was easily accessible by the African American population. The goals of George H. Oliver are improving student achievement, build teacher capacity, and increase student attendance (George H. Oliver Strategic Plan, 2021). George H. Oliver increased their accountability rating with the state the department of educations from an F to a D in 2018. The school received recognition from the Mississippi Department of Education (Mississippi Department of Education 2018). George H. Oliver has had three principals and high traditional high teacher turnover. From 2019-2021 the teacher turnover rate was low, because they able to keep the same principal for 4 years. Comment by Gina Peyton: Comment by Gina Peyton: Comment by Gina Peyton: 4

In 2018 George H. Oliver Elementary school was a comprehensive support and improvement school because of the F rating on accountability. The school was able to raise the accountability level by eighty-seven points to become a D school on accountability (Mississippi Department of Education 2018). Factors that contributed to the improvement was improved school culture, teacher retention, and improved attendance. One of the most importance factors in helping to transform the school was increase in teacher morale. George H. Oliver continues to struggle with socioeconomic issues that prevents academic achievements from being the main focus.

The Mission Statement

The elementary school’s mission is to provide an accurate, comprehensive, and contemporary curriculum that prepares students for increased understanding, critical thinking, and lifelong learning. In addition, the school aspire to contribute to developing a positive school environment where students are nurtured as healthy individuals who can become active participants in society. This statement is concise and focused on what drives the school (Dernowska, n.d). It includes who they are, what the school do, and why they are doing it (Alegre et al., 2018). It also sets out how these goals are achieved. Comment by Gina Peyton: Is this the actual Mission statement? If so, please move to the appendix and only “discuss” your interpretation of your schools mission statement. Comment by Shawneequa Beal: No, this is not the actual mission, I included the actual one in the appendix?

It should guide the organization whom they want to serve and what it wants to be. The given mission statement consists of the name of the school; George H. Oliver Elementary School, values; high-quality learning, and a unique distinguishing factor that makes the school standout; teamwork of parents and qualified staff. The statement outlines what the school is striving to accomplish. It describes student life, parent involvement, and community relations. The statement also highlights the organization’s future target, ensuring that students are responsible citizens in the future. An essential part to add would be the school’s innovations. Moreover, long-term goals inclusion would make the statement a success.

The Vision Statement

The future is now! The faculty and staff believe a great school starts with a deep understanding of each student’s needs and the communities surrounding our schools. This is a shared belief and the faculty and staff are passionate about developing strong leaders who can serve their students, communities, and the world in the ways they want to. The school will provide many opportunities for students to develop skills in areas such as reading, writing, math, and science, as well as other areas which give them a strong foundation for success. Each student will graduate from elementary school with a quality education, knowledge of navigating the world surrounding them, and the motivation needed to achieve their personal goals. The statement encompasses a completely objective or goals the school can and will achieve (Allen et al., 2018). The vision statement also contains something simple to remember, concise, and intellectual (Sulastri et al., 2021). It clarifies goals, defines values, and communicates how people are motivated. Comment by Gina Peyton: Is this your schools vision statement? Please see my above comment regarding mission statement and do the same. Comment by Shawneequa Beal: No this is not the actual vision statement. I included it in the ap[pendix.

This should define what the organization wants to become in the long run and its target position. The statement for George H. Oliver Elementary School has been expressed positively, where the institution strives to utilize its high-quality learning experiences to provide superior education to every child. Although the statement is short and complete, I would add details on learning technologies to support learners in becoming productive global citizens

The Value Statement

The school emphasizes the importance of respect, responsibility, integrity, excellence, collaboration, creativity, and innovation. These values will be expressed in a way that speaks to the school’s commitment to helping the students reach their fullest potential. This statement is clear, concise, and straightforward (Gurley et al., 2021). This provides clarity for teachers, classmates, administrators, and parents alike (vic.edu, n.d). The statement is neither too long or nor complex to read that easier to comprehend it. Comment by Gina Peyton: The school…

The value statement is clear, concise, and easy to understand. It has been written in a way that is accessible and easily understood by students, staff, and the wider community. Also, it is reflective of the school’s culture and values. And it is aspiring and inspiring while reflecting the school’s goals and objectives. It is the foundation that sets the school’s tone and establishes the values, principles, and beliefs that the school stands for and will strive to uphold. It is important to clearly articulate the school’s values to create an environment conducive to learning, growth, and success. Comment by Gina Peyton: Is there a value statement? Where is it? Please fix. Comment by Shawneequa Beal: No this is not the value statement. It will be included in the appendix.

Organizational Reputation and Sustainability

Organizational Reputation:

George H. Oliver Elementary School in Clarksdale, Mississippi, has a poor reputation based on test scores, student progress, and equity. The test scores at this school fall far below the state average, which indicates that most students need to perform as expected at grade level (U.S.News, 2019). The student progress is also slow and poor annually compared to similar students in the state (U.S.News, 2019). In addition to low test scores, most students in this school have low points and fall behind their peers in terms of their academic progress. The highest percentage is underserved students from low-income families, which leaves them at an economic disadvantage that create a significant achievement gap (U.S.News, 2019). This vulnerability makes most students fall behind other students in the state. Based on enrollment and student demographics, 98% are Black, 1% are White, and the other 1% are white (Mississippi Department of Education (2023). Overall, this imbalance creates a negative perspective that results in a negative reputation for the school. Comment by Gina Peyton: Cite these stats. Comment by Gina Peyton: Delete space

O rganizational Sustainability:

George H. Oliver Elementary School lack sustainability due to a lack of capacity building of professional teacher, lack of financial resources, and short-term pressure for higher academic performance. Nonetheless, there is an opportunity for the school to improve its organizational sustainability. For example, the school can use the student support and academic enrichment grant to increase its capacity to establish a pool of professional teachers (Mississippi Department of Education, 2023). The grant can also help the school to provide all the students with access to a well-rounded education, improve the use of technology and improve school conditions for student learning resulting in improved academic achievement (Mississippi Department of Education, 2023). It can further use section 4101, section 4106(d), section 4110, and section 4109(b) of article IV to establish student support and academic enrichment programs that ensure the school’s substantiality in short and long term.

Relevant Terms

Academic Achievement refers to a student’s learning outcome of a school’s curriculum (Tian, 2018)

At-Risk Student is defined as student who is likely to perform poorly in school (Fazul, 2022)

Researched-Based Instructional Strategy is any teaching approach supported by a statistical analysis of data from the learning environment (Apostolou,2020)

Mississippi Department of Education seeks to create a world class education system that give students the knowledge and skills to be successful in college, the workforce, and to flourish as parents and citizen (Mississippi Department of Education, 2023)

School Culture is the belief and attitude influencing every aspect how a school function (Hall & Hord, 2015) Comment by Gina Peyton: & Comment by Gina Peyton: Your Reference Page is missing. As I previously indicated, please place this document back in the SRP template.

Identify Potential Gaps or Areas for Growth

Strategic planning is a common concept in today’s business world and many different industries. Strategic planning acts as a roadmap to the organization’s future. It not only acts as a blueprint to the actions that should be taken within an organization but is also a form of long-term planning. Antonio and Martha (2020) argue that ‘strategic planning is important to an organization because it provides a sense of direction and outlines measurable goals.’ These views align with those of Messaoud (2022), who has shown that it aims to assess the potential within an organization and hence define the organization’s long-term success. A strategy marks where an organization is at the current and then indicates the goal for success to the next point. Stevens (2014) adds that a strategy enables a given organization to be where it wants to be in a future time. It shapes the organization, aligning it to the best direction better placed to achieve its future goals. In addition, this strategic plan brings more advantages to the organization on top of achieving the set goals. Umar et al. (2020) establish that it ups the financial performance of an organization, its longevity, and its effectiveness.

At GHO, there are several gaps in the organization’s management. GHO has a financial gap in the management of its operations. The school requires more finances to manage the financial needs of the students from the neighboring community by financing their food program and educational needs. Furthermore, it needs finances to align the school with up-to-date technology. Leonard & Box (2010) recognizes the need to close the existing funding gap among schools in the United States, especially in Mississippi. Leonard & Box add that lower-performing schools need more funding than high-performing ones. Another gap that should be addressed within this school is teacher turnover, qualifications, licensing, and experiences since their qualifications and licensing greatly determine the grades to be scored by the students they deal with. A study by Bhai & Horoi (2019) has shown that teacher experiences have the largest effect on students’ performance. Therefore, teacher characteristics such as qualifications and licensing are very significant at GHO. Action should therefore be taken to close this gap as regard the type of experiences, and license, among other characteristics of teachers who are employed in a GHO.

Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT)

SWOT stands for Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, and Threat. It is an analysis that enables an organization to explore possibilities for new solutions, decide on the best initiative, determine where change is possible, and adjust and refine plans mid-course (Renault,2017). Osita et al. (2014) define strength as what the organization is strong in or good in, while opportunities are anything outside the organization that might benefit the organization if taken advantage of. On the other hand, weaknesses are what the organization needs to get a grip on, while threats are those factors happening outside that the organization needs to take measures to guard against. A study by Mandrazhi (2021) recognizes SWOT as part of its strengths and that it allows for competitiveness within the organization to realize its goals. In a SWOT analysis, the realist recognition of the weaknesses and the threats of any given organization are the starting point when setting grounds to streamline strategies for change and improvement within any given organization. A SWOT analysis, therefore, afte