american government test

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Which war ultimately ended American isolationism?

  1. World War I
  2. Civil War
  3. World War II

The Pendleton Act of 1883 did which of the following?

  1. limited patronage
  2. established the spoils system
  3. repealed restrictions against patronage

The push for an Open Door Policy was meant to protect this country from intervention.

  1. Japan
  2. China
  3. United States

If a citizen of one city robbed a store in another city in the same state,

  1. the case would be heard in a constitutional court.
  2. the case would be heard in a federal court.
  3. the case would be heard in a state court.

The person who files suit in a civil case is called the petitioner.

  1. true
  2. false

Congress creates special courts under which constitutional provision?

  1. Article I, Section 8, Clause 9
  2. Article II, Section 3, Clause 3
  3. Article IV, Section 4, Clause 4

The Lend Lease program is an example of __________ as part of American foreign policy.

  1. foreign aid
  2. a preemptive military strike
  3. a covert CIA operation

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If a resident of one state sues a resident of another state, a state court would have original jurisdiction.

  1. true
  2. false

The principle of deterrence played a significant role in managing foreign relations between the United States
and

  1. the Soviet Union.
  2. Japan.
  3. China.

If a federal court has __________ in a case, only that court may hear the case.

  1. concurrent jurisdiction
  2. appellate jurisdiction
  3. exclusive jurisdiction

The Monroe Doctrine was an American call for

  1. war with Latin America.
  2. peace with Europe.
  3. Europe to stay out of the Americas.

Some independent agencies are government corporations.

  1. true
  2. false

Most cases reach the Supreme Court by certificate.

  1. true
  2. false

The concept of judicial review was upheld by the case of

  1. Schecnk v. United States.
  2. Marbury v. Madison.
  3. Gitlow v. New York.

Most ambassadors can be arrested outside of their designated embassies

  1. true
  2. false

A U.S. court of appeals is an example of

  1. a state court.
  2. a major court.
  3. a constitutional court.

Progressive taxes decrease as income increases.

  1. true
  2. false

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The Department of Defense was created to

  1. unify the nation’s armed forces.
  2. create a separate Department of the Marine Corps.
  3. create an Army Air Corps.

Public debt has decreased in the last three decades.

  1. true
  2. false

The Supreme Court usually exercises which type of jurisdiction?

  1. original
  2. appellate
  3. civil

The Federal Reserve Board is responsible for which type of policy?

  1. fiscal
  2. treasury
  3. monetary

Which type of jurisdiction hears cases the first time?

  1. appellate
  2. original
  3. trial

The Department of Interior is the most important department in foreign relations.

  1. true
  2. false

A person not directly involved in a case, but who has a substantial interest in its outcome, could file

  1. a writ of habeas corpus.
  2. a writ of certiorari.
  3. an amicus curiae brief.

Adhering to the original intent of the Constitution and laws is the concept of

  1. judicial review.
  2. judicial restraint.
  3. judicial activism.

Israel was established as an independent state by this organization.

  1. NATO
  2. United Nations
  3. NAFTA

What is the largest branch of the United States military?

  1. Army
  2. Navy
  3. Air Force

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Gross domestic product measures which of the following?

  1. the country’s exports versus the country’s imports
  2. the country’s imports from other countries
  3. the value of all goods and services produced

If an Oregon resident sues another Oregon resident regarding a federal land grant, a federal court would
have original jurisdiction.

  1. true
  2. false

__________ refers to concentration on domestic affairs instead of foreign affairs.

  1. Isolationism
  2. Intervention
  3. Internment

Federal courts below the Supreme Court are created by Congress.

  1. true
  2. false

A line agency does which of the following?

  1. carries out public policy
  2. offers advice to the chief executive
  3. offers advice to Congress

The Department of Homeland Security is charged with protecting the United States from

  1. terrorism.
  2. domestic criminals.
  3. corruption.

Deficit financing has become a constant element in American fiscal policy.

  1. true
  2. false

There are __________ on the United States Supreme Court.

  1. 6 justices
  2. 7 justices
  3. 9 justices

In the early 2000s, the United States intervened in Afghanistan to

  1. remove Saddam Hussein.
  2. install the Taliban.
  3. combat terrorism.

The basic structure for the federal judiciary was established by

  1. the state court system.
  2. the Judiciary Act of 1789.
  3. the Supreme Court.

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If a resident of Grand Island, Nebraska sets fire to a private building in Blair, Nebraska, the case would be
heard in state court.

  1. true
  2. false

Majority rule is a major feature of bureaucracy.

  1. true
  2. false

An American case involving a consul from another country would originally be heard in federal court.

  1. true
  2. false

Which of the following is an example of uncontrollable spending programs?

  1. national parks
  2. food stamps
  3. national highways

Creating a federal budget involves all of the following EXCEPT

  1. judiciary approval.
  2. presenting the budget.
  3. creating a budget resolution.

The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in cases in which

a. interstate commerce is involved.
b. a state or certain public officials are named as parties.
c. Congress assigns original jurisdiction to the Supreme Court.

Each federal judicial district has at least one bankruptcy judge.

a. true
b. false

Collective security was the main idea behind this global organization.

  1. the United Nations
  2. the North American Free Trade Agreement
  3. the Red Cross

Who would most likely write a concurring opinion in a Supreme Court case?

  1. a justice who agrees with the majority opinion but wants to add extra insights
  2. a justice who disagrees with the majority opinion
  3. a justice who is not able to hear a specific case

Who wrote the ruling for the Marbury v. Madison case?

  1. Thurgood Marshall
  2. Marshall Tito
  3. John Marshall

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The oldest and most distinguished department of the president’s Cabinet is

a. the Department of State.
b. the Department of Defense.
c. the Department of Health and Human Services.

To counter the rising threat of communism, the United States adopted this foreign policy in 1947.

a. the Truman Doctrine
b. the Monroe Doctrine
c. the Star Wars program

Supreme Court justices are

  1. nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate.
  2. nominated by the president and confirmed by the House of Representatives.
  3. nominated by the Department of Justice and confirmed by the president.

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