Application: Reference Page/Student Replies



Note: Identify the human rights violation you selected in the first line of your post. Respond to a colleague who selected a human rights violation different than the one you selected.

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.



STUDENT REPLY #1 Jamie Archer

Human rights violations against people with mental illnesses occur on a global scale, both inside and outside of psychiatric hospitals. Denial of work, marriage, procreation, and education; hunger; physical abuse; and neglect are examples of these violations. Although there are continuing debates around the world about how to treat people who have been diagnosed with mental illness or who are exhibiting mental health symptoms, it is crucial to recognize that the level of abuse differs from culture to culture based on established beliefs. For example, much as some cultures do not give women equal rights and push them to the background, other societies view the mentally ill as not being a part of normal society, and as a result, persons with mental illness are subjected to various sorts of mistreatment (Mfoafo-M’Carthy & Huls, 2014) .

Another factor that contributes to the violation of the mentally ill’s human rights is the lack of government participation. Thousands of mentally ill patients visit hospital emergency departments on a regular basis. They put pressure on our medical system, frighten the public, and occasionally cause injury to themselves and others. Previously, such persons were institutionalized in mental institutions. The public was protected, but the asylums were dreadful, overcrowded places where sick individuals were rarely treated well. As a result, it was decided to establish community mental health initiatives. However, community treatment was never actually implemented. It was not funded by politicians. The residents of neighborhood mental health centers were not fond of them. As a result, the mentally ill now end up in prisons or on the streets.


Mfoafo-M’Carthy, M., & Huls, S. (2014). Human rights violations and mental illness. SAGE Open, 4(1), 215824401452620.

STUDENT REPLY #2 Nereyda Villalobos

The human rights violation I selected is that on Abortion Rights, everyone has a right to health care. Everyone should have the freedom to make personal decisions, especially when it comes to reproductive health care without having to worry about politicians making that decision for them. Abortion rights have been guaranteed since 1973 when Roe vs. Wade decision came about. However now it is threatened by high court that can put many young women and women at risk. In 2021 the Women’s Health Protection Act of 2021 was passed by the house of representatives however has since then been stuck in the senate where there are several politicians challenging the proposition. Abortion services are essential health care, and many women deserve the right to make these choices, the United States has blocked in various way for women to have access to this type of health care. Allowing abortions is extremely essential because it is the safest way for people to seek a medical practitioner to have this procedure done. In not allowing these medical procedures to be legal people will seek other methods to achieve the medical treatments they look for endangering women and possibly costing them their lives.

The U.S. supreme court has allowed an abortion ban, Texas Senate Bill 8 (S.B.8) to stand this bill bans abortions at around 6 weeks of pregnancy this is before many women even know they are pregnant, and it also has a clause that can also get other people in trouble with the law if you are known to help someone get an abortion. This bill came into effect on September 1, 2021, the courts failure to stop this bill has put many women and young women at risk to either perform abortions on their own or care through with unwanted pregnancies. Lizelle Herrera a 26-year-old woman who was arrested just recently in Texas for performing a self – induced abortion and was held on $500,000 bond in Starr County although her charges were dropped this is one example of what people will do to seek their own medical treatment if not allowed to have. We cannot allow the right to health care to be denied from people because of personal belief that one believes this should not happen. Texas is not the only state who has banned abortions and who has denied this medical right to women.


H.R.3755-Women’s Health Protection Act of 2021. Retrieved April 19, 2022, from

Abortion Rights Are About Human Rights, Not Politics Opinion. Retrieved April 19, 2022, from



Application: Reference Page

An important part of the Capstone Project is gathering scholarly resources (e.g., peer-reviewed journal articles, government websites, and reputable books) related to your selected topic. Scholarly resources provide reliable information written by professional researchers or experts. Be sure to review a number of resources that incorporate a variety of views on your topic. For this assignment, you should plan to review 10 or more scholarly resources with the idea of selecting a minimum of six scholarly resources. For your Capstone Project you are required to select 8–10 resources. Creating a proper reference list of the scholarly resources you compile is a critical piece of the Capstone Project. The purpose of the reference list is to accurately cite and record the resources you gather so that they may be referenced at a later time. As a student at Walden University, you are required to use proper American Psychological Association (APA) style to create your reference list. Take care to use precise formatting to complete the reference list.

To prepare for this assignment:

Review Chapter 9 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association to gain an understanding of appropriate formatting for a reference list.

Search the Internet, Walden Library, and other reliable resources to locate at least 10 viable resources for references and select six to use for a reference list for this assignment.

Think about how you will compose a preliminary reference list.

The assignment (1–2 pages):

Compose a preliminary reference list using appropriate APA formatting. Include at least six scholarly resources.

Support your Application Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.

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BALB 106

APA Reference List and Reference Examples

(Chapters 9 & 10 in the Publication Manual)1
A reference list provides a reliable way for readers to identify and locate the works cited
in your paper. In general, each work cited in the text must appear in the reference list,
and each work in the reference list must be cited in the text.

Exceptions that do not need a reference list entry are the following:

▪ personal communications
▪ general mentions of websites and periodicals
▪ common software and apps
▪ quotations from research participants in your own study (Publication

Manual, Sections 2.12 and 8.4)

The reference elements are placed in a specific order: Who? (Who is responsible for or
the creator of this source?) When? (When was this source created or published?)
What? (What is the name or title of this source?) Where? (Where is this source

Tips for creating an accurate reference list following APA 7th edition guidelines:

• All sources on your reference list will have elements that answer the Who?
When? What? and Where? questions—it does not matter whether the source is a
webpage, a journal article, a book, or a government report. Record the answers
to each of these questions for every source you collect—at the moment you find

• You can often find this information on the title page of a journal article or on the
copyright page of a book. On webpages, you might see a suggested citation.

• If you are researching online through the NSU Library, look for the “Cite” icon for
the sources on your results list. Click on it to select APA 7th edition for your
source and copy the suggested citation into your paper. Always check the
suggested citation for missing information and for incorrect formatting.

• Citation generators are a good tool; they can help you fill in these elements and
get the bare bones of the citation. However, use with caution and always check
the suggested citation against the Publication Manual to ensure proper APA 7th
edition formatting is being applied.

1 Source for all guidelines:
American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American

Psychological Association (7th ed.).

To format the reference list:

• The reference list will have the label References that is in bold font and placed
1” from the top of the page.

• Start the reference list on a new page.

• Continue the page numbering from the last page of text.

• Alphabetize the reference list by the last name of the first author of each work.

• Double space the reference list (both within and between entries); do not add
additional spaces between entries.

• Apply a hanging indent to your references. A hanging indent can be formatted
from the Paragraph dialog box in Microsoft Word.

Reference examples

The examples below illustrate how to format common types of references. These
examples are not exhaustive. Consideration of the Who? When? What? Where?
elements and answering those questions will allow you to create a reference for any
type of work, even if you do not see a specific example from the Publication Manual that
matches your source (Section 9.4). Note: All examples are given in single-spaced text.
In application, APA papers will use double-spacing.

Journal Article (Section 10.1, #1)
Salgado, J. F., Moscoso, S., & Berges, A. (2013). Conscientiousness, its facets, and the

prediction of job performance ratings: Evidence against the narrow measures.
International Journal of Selection & Assessment, 21(1), 74–84.

Book (Section 10.2, #21)
Jensen, E. (2008). Brain-based learning: The new paradigm of teaching (2nd ed.).

Corwin Press.

Report (Section 10.4, #50)
Roberts, D. J. (2006). Law enforcement tech guide for creating performance measures

that work: A guide for executives and managers (Accession Number 022217).
U.S. Department of Justice.

Webpage on a Website (Section 10.16, #110)
Strogatz, S. (2019, March 14). Pi Day: How One irrational number made us modern.

The New York Times.

YouTube Video (Section 10.12, #90)
Clark, C. (2016, December 12). Strategies for adding and subtracting decimals [Video].


Authors’ names are inverted (last name first); give the last name and initials for all
authors of a particular work.

Use sentence case capitalization for titles. Use italics for stand-alone works.

Most references do not need retrieval dates.

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