Reading attached below
Kirst-Ashman, K. (2014). Human Behavior in the macro social environment. Chapter 9,10,11
Hutchinson, E. (2011). Setting the Stage. Systems theory and other theories
S. V. Subramanian et al. (2006). Neighborhood effects on the self-rated health of elders: Uncovering the relative importance of structural and service-related neighborhood environments. Journal of Gerontology, 61(3), 153-160.
*****The neighborhood that is accessible to me is Crown Heights, which is one of the areas in Brooklyn, NY. My first impression of this neighborhood is that it is diverse, although it is a predominately black neighborhood. Crown Heights is mixed with affordable housing, residential houses and apartments. While I was walking through Crown Heights I noticed a lot of Deli’s, Hair & Nail Salons, Barber shops and all kinds of fast food spots such as Chinese Restaurants, a Kennedy Fried Chicken, Pizza shop etc. Crown Heights also has a shopping area that includes a supermarket, 99cents store, clothing store, jewerly store and several banks. when moving from one block to another the composition of age/class/race/ethnicity does not change. It doesn’t appear to be much limitations in economic resources because the stores are well kept. I was able to locate a hospital and several schools in the area and they were all functioning at full capacity. *****
Be sure that you select a neighborhood and not a whole town. You can Google your area and find the names and boundaries of the neighborhoods near you.
You will need to spend 3-4 hours walking around the neighborhood. Before you go, do the readings and some research on the neighborhood. Plan what you are looking for based on the readings and class discussions. You can make appointments to see key officials, if you choose to; but this is not necessary. You can also talk to people in the neighborhood if they are willing to speak to you about their perceptions of the neighborhood.
The goal of this assignment is to be able to apply the concepts we have been studying this semester to an assessment of a neighborhood. In particular, you want to gather data about the structure of the community and the dynamics of inequality and well-being in that community. Read the two chapters in Kris-Ashman (Chapters 9 & 10). See the grid below to explain how you will be graded.
To demonstrate competency in your ability to use theories of human behavior and the social environment, you will apply a particular theory to analyze your description of a neighborhood. Since we have focused on systems theory in this course, I recommend that you use the concepts from systems theory to analyze your data. You can also use other theories such as conflict theory or social exchange theory. The goal is to use the concepts from the theory to explain some of the dynamics of the structural aspects of inequality that you have observed in a neighborhood. The whole paper should not be longer than 12 pages. If you can accomplish the assignment in a fewer number of pages, that is fine.
In the beginning of the paper, give a definition of a neighborhood and various ways of understanding the strengths and weaknesses of the neighborhood you are studying. Use citations from the readings. Include how the authors you have read describe how a neighborhood can facilitate or impede the well-being of the residents. (1 -2 pages).
In the remaining body of the paper, present the data that you have collected to describe how inequality is structured into this particular small neighborhood. Use data from on-line public-use data sources that describe income, racial and other variables that allow you to see who is living in this small neighborhood and how inequality is part of (or not part of) this neighborhood. Your data can include U.S. Census Bureau, state and local level government reports, advocacy groups reports etc.; See the screen cast of Prof. Smith accessing public data). In addition, if you interviewed people during your visit you can cite their observations (but be sure to quote them and cite them). Your task is to gather information that is relevant to some of the following dimensions of community as delineated by Kirst-Ashman (2011, pp. 316-319):
Your report should focus on areas of need in the community, but also on the strengths of the neighborhood.
Here are some general hints for writing a good paper.
GRADING RUBRIC FOR THE HBSE I COMMON ASSIGNMENT
|Practice Behavior||Not Competent||Developing Competency||Competency||Advanced Competency|
|2.1.5 PB1Understand the forms and mechanisms of oppression and discrimination||Provides no data that illustrates issues of inequities, oppression and/or privilege.||Provides descriptive data on inequities but lacks an analysis of how this is affected by or affects larger and smaller level systems||Provides descriptive data about forms of oppression and privilege and competently links this data to an understanding of structural inequality within the community||Provides descriptive data about the forms of oppression and privilege and links this data to an understanding of structural inequality on an advanced level and links the analysis to several course readings.|
|2.1.7 PB1Utilize conceptual frameworks to guide the processes of assessment, intervention, and evaluation||Does not identify theoretical concepts to explicate the data.||Applies the ecosystemic or other frameworks at a beginning level but does not illustrate the transactional nature of nested systems at Micro, Mezzo and Macro levels.||Accurately applies ecosystemic and/or other theories to analyze the multi-transactional nature of systems at a Micro, Mezzo and Macro level.||Applies ecosystemic theoryand/or other theories at an advanced level to illustrate the multi-transactional nature of the neighborhood as a system and the systems that impact the well-being of it.|