Question 4701

Question Answered step-by-step 28. The body’s ability to continuously respond to changes in the… 28. The body’s ability to continuously respond to changes in the environment and maintain  consistency in the internal environment is called: a. homeostasis. b. superficial. c. structural levels. d. none of the above. 29. When you experience a bacterial infection, your immune system sends chemicals to signal the brain’s hypothalamus to “turn up” the ____________ temperature, causing your body to shiver. a. set point b. effector c. sensor d. feed forward 30. Which of the following is not a homeostatic control system? a. positive feedback b. negative feedback c. fast forward d. variable feedback 31. The hypothalamus is the body’s: a. thermostat. b. transmitter. c. positive feedback control system. d. effector. 32. A disease that is native to a local region is referred to as being: a. epidemic. b. pandemic. c. endemic. d. idiopathic. Fill in the blanks. 33. Processes for maintaining or restoring homeostasis are known as __________________ ______________ ______________. 34. _____________ _______________ is the concept that information may flow ahead to another process to trigger a change in anticipation of an event that will follow. 35. _________ ____________ mechanisms operate at the tissue and organ levels. 36. Tiny, primitive cells that lack nuclei and may cause infection are ____________. 37. An inherited trait that puts one at greater than normal risk for development of a specific disease is a(n) ________ ____________.  APPLYING WHAT YOU KNOW 26. Sam just finished a big Thanksgiving meal. His blood glucose has elevated sharply after a meal that was heavy in carbohydrates and fats. He is so full that he is uncomfortable. What homeostatic control systems will begin to assist Sam with this temporary stress to his body? 27. Jessica was treated by her doctor for human papillomavirus. He encouraged her to have frequent Pap smears and cautioned her to be vigilant for any uterine pain, bleeding, or other signs of cervical cancer. What is the connection between the virus and cervical cancer?  DID YOU KNOW? • All living organisms have to have a stable internal environment to function normally. • The smallest organ, the pineal gland, is the same size as a grain of rice. True or False 38. ____ If the body’s homeostatic system is working properly, an increase in blood glucose will stimulate physiological reactions to cause an opposing effect or a decrease in blood glucose. 39. ____ During the birth of a baby, oxytocin is released to stimulate labor. This is an example of positive feedback. 40. ____ The formation of a blood clot is an example of a negative feedback. 41. ____ Mechanisms that operate at the cell level are known as intracellular control mechanisms. 42. ____ A secondary infection, such as pneumonia with an AIDS patient, is referred to as an opportunistic infection. Circle the best answer. 43. The “thermostat” of the brain is the (thalamus or hypothalamus). 44. The hormone that stimulates contractions during labor is (oxytocin or progesterone). 45. Intrinsic control mechanisms are sometimes called (autoregulation or circadian rhythms). 46. (Prions or Protozoa) are proteins that convert proteins of the cell into different proteins. 47. (Infancy or Young adulthood) is the period of greatest homeostatic efficiency   Health Science Science Nursing Share QuestionEmailCopy link Comments (0)

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